Scoliosis is a permanent deviation of the vertebral spine caused by a vertebral rotation. It mainly appears in the childhood or teenage but in some case even during the adulthood. This pathology can be triggered by another disease. However, in most case the exact cause is unknown.
The scoliotic deviation takes place in the 3 different plans:
- Upward or downward
- Left or right
- Forward or backward
The scoliosis is composed of the addition of the rotation of several vertebral levels. Depending of the position of these rotated vertebrae, we speak of thoracic, lumbar or thoracolumbar scoliosis. It give a S shape form to the patient back and often associated with a gibbosity (bump on one side of the back).